Scientific article written by the authors: Hêider Aurélio Pinto, Mozart Julio Tabosa Sales, Felipe Proenço de Oliveira, Regina Brizolara, Alexandre Medeiros de Figueiredo e Jerzey Timóteo dos Santos.
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This article uses the theoretical framework of policy analysis to study the Program More Doctors for Brazil. Analyzes and organizes information and studies related to social issues taken as object of this policy, namely, the insufficiency of physicians in the country to meet the needs of the population and the inadequacy, from the perspective of the Unified Health System, of the current medical training model, and studies the context that enabled the creation of the Program. Describes and analyzes the innovations and policy tools, created by Law 12,871, and analyzes the current status of its implementation in three dimensions: the training and the performance of doctors in the most vulnerable locations and with the greatest needs; the change of medical training, from graduation to medical residency; and finally, in growth and reorientation of the vacancy at the undergraduate and residence aiming that Brazil reaches in 2026 the ratio of 2.7 doctors per 1,000 inhabitants.